ISPS SECURITY LEVEL
A port facility is required to abide by the security levels specified for it by a contracting state in which it is located. Security-related measures and activities in a port facility must be implemented in such a way as to involve the least possible interference and delay in the movements of passengers, vessels, crews, and visitors as well as of goods and services.
A protocol (called a “security declaration”) is entered into between the port security officer of a port facility and the master and security officer of a vessel that intends to stay there. So long as the vessel remains within the boundaries of the port facility, it is obliged to comply with the security measures set forth in the security declaration, which also sets forth the “security level” procedures that must be followed in the port area for vessels that have put in there. There are three security levels. Security level 1 is “normal” and is the level at which the port and vessels in it normally operate. Security level 2 is “heightened”. It usually applies when conditions (such as war, mobilization etc) warrant but it may also be invoked at the request of a vessel in port. Security level 3 is “exceptional” and in Turkey it requires an Undersecretariat for Maritime Affairs request or a Council of Ministers resolution.
The security levels as defined in the “International Ship and Port Facility Security Code Regulations” (26468 dated 20 March 2007) are indicated below.
Security level 1: The level for which minimum appropriate protective security measures shall be maintained at all times.
Security level 2: The level for which appropriate additional protective security measures shall be maintained for a period of time as a result of heightened risk of a security incident.
Security level 3: The level for which further specific protective security measures shall be maintained for a limited period of time when a security incident is probable or imminent, although it may not be possible to identify the specific target.
As the operator of Bandırma Port, Çelebi Port of Bandırma is fully capable of taking all necessary action to comply with all three security levels.
According to regulations, the passengers and crewmembers of a vessel subject to the ISPS code must be given the following notices at least 24 hours before the vessel puts into port:
- You must wear your ID tag at all times while within the port area.
- You must wear a safety helmet and lifejacket if you are doing any kind of work in the harbor area.
- You must park vehicles only in designated parking areas.
- You must obey the instructions of security personnel at all times.
- The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) is a comprehensive set of measures to enhance the security of ships and port facilities, developed in response to the perceived threats to ships and port facilities in the wake of the 9/11 attacks in the United States.
- The International Port Security Plan (ISPS) was prepared by the IMO Security Committee and its work groups.
- A new section called “Chapter XI-2 (Special measures to enhance maritime security)” was incorporated into ISPS.
- The amended ISPS Code was ratified during diplomatic conferences in 2002/2004.
ISPS CODE GENERAL
The ISPS Code consists of two separate parts: one mandatory and the other recommendatory
The provisions of the first part, which are concerned with SOLAS Chapter XI-2, must be complied with by port authorities and shipping companies while the provisions of the second part are concerned with ways in which issues related to maritime security may be addressed. Both the USA and the EU have decided to make compliance with both sections of the ISPS Code mandatory. The ISPS Code applies to:
- passenger ships, including high speed craft;
- cargo ships of 500 gross tonnage and upwards, including high speed craft;
- Mobile offshore drilling units;
- Port facilities serving such ships engaged on international voyages.
DETERMINING, ANNOUNCING, AND APPLYING SECURITY LEVELS
- All Turkish-flag registry vessels and port facilities subject to the ISPS Code as well as ISPS Code-subject vessels located anywhere in Turkish waters shall be at Security Level 1 and they shall implement the measures required by that level in the absence of any other notification and so long as no higher security level is applicable.
- The Port may apply a higher security level generally or partially taking into account developments and intelligence information which impact on security issues and in line with the opinions of the Naval Forces Command, the Coast Guard Command, the Gendarmerie General Command, and the General Directorate for Public Safety. Such situations will be announced to those concerned as quickly as possible as navigational warnings or by other means. In cases where urgent action must be taken the Port may decide to implement a higher security level without consulting the agencies referred to above but it will nevertheless notify those agencies of the situation as urgently as possible.
- If it should be ascertained that there exists a situation necessitating implementation of a higher security level aboard a Turkish flag registry vessel or at a Turkish port facility, the Designated Authority referred to in these Regulations shall be notified through one of the contact points and the ensuing instructions shall be complied with. In situations where delays might lead to serious security risks, shipmasters and security officers (in the case of vessels) and port security officers (in the case of port facilities) may have specific security measures taken at a level that is higher than is currently specified for the vessels/ports for which they are responsible. However the standard daily security level may not be raised above “1” without the instructions of the Port. In such situations the Designated Authority shall be notified through one of the contact points as quickly as possible. The Port will assess the situation and, if it deems it to be necessary, it will raise the general security level and notify the vessels and port facilities concerned.
- In situations where the security level is raised to “3”, the Port must notify the national security units concerned.
- Such national security units shall intervene and take measures in such situations as specified in their own rules and regulations.
- When the security level at a port facility is raised to “3”, the Port shall remain in contact with the national security units concerned at all times and provide vessels and port facilities with such information as is necessary.
GENERAL SECURITY PRINCIPLES
ID cards, entry passes, photography
- New identity cards and entry passes have been issued for port employees and visitors.
- Those who are employed in the port or have business there on a regular basis may obtain entry passes. These passes must have an identifying photograph of the user on them.
- Those who wish to enter the port on intermittent business must present documentary evidence of that business and of their identity to port security personnel.
- Photo ID cards are issued by the Port Cards Office with the approval of the local head of civilian administration.
- No photography of any kind is permitted within the port area without the permission of a port facility security officer or the head of port security.
Vehicle parking permits in the port area
- Only vehicles with an entrance pass will be allowed to enter and park in the port area.
- Vehicle entrance passes must indicate the vehicle license number, the name of the vehicle’s driver, and the name of the vehicle’s owner.
- A vehicle’s driver is responsible for all passengers and materials carried by the vehicle.
Goods and services deliveries to vessels
- Anyone intending to deliver goods to a vessel in the port must show invoices, request forms, or other valid documentation for the goods upon entry to the port area.
- Before admitting the goods into the port, gate security personnel will contact the designated recipient and confirm the delivery.
- Vehicle drivers must show valid identification.
OTHER SECURITY PRECAUTIONS
The following activities are explicitly forbidden anywhere inside the port boundaries and/or aboard any vessel so long as it is in port:
- Scraping and painting of any kind
- Cleaning of any kind (including washing with clean water)
- Throwing any waste of any kind into the sea
- Any broadcasting in the MF-HF bands
- Burning any form of waste; causing noisome amounts of smoke.
- Fishing, swimming, or diving.
- Discharging bilge water or any other waste into the sea
- Blowing horns except in emergencies
- Discharging any waste of a medical, flammable/combustible, radioactive, or chemical nature.
- If a vessel that is tied up to one of our piers is to take on fuel, both the Bandırma harbormaster and the Port of Bandırma administration must be notified at least 24 hours in advance. All technical safety measures pertaining to fueling operations must be in compliance with MARPOL 73/78. Port of Bandırma is authorized to check this compliance. (When fuel is to be transferred, firefighting vehicles fully equipped to deal with fuel-related fires and vehicles equipped with chemical foam generators etc must be on hand in the transfer area and when necessary, fuel/oil overflow barriers must also be set in place to prevent any pollution. These services may be provided for a charge upon request.)
- In the event of any fuel spillage or the occurrence of any other unsafe condition, Port of Bandırma authorities must be notified immediately via the VHF 12-16 channel (pilot operating channel 12-16).
- Minor repair work may be performed on vessels with the prior permission of the Bandırma harbormaster and of Port of Bandırma authorities.
- Vessels in port must be kept in a state of readiness at all times so as to make an emergency departure on short notice if the need should arise.